What Is The Cause of Gonorrhea And How Do You Treat Them?

gonorrhea illustration

What Is The Cause of Gonorrhea And How Do You Treat Them?

Nowadays, an increasing number of humans are suffering from Sexually Transmitted Diseases and this trend should alarm all of us. An increasing number of STD patients are just a result of careless and unprotected sex.

Most sexually transmitted diseases can be treated and cured. Gonorrhea is also a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. Prevention and adequate awareness of STD is always necessary for all humans. Let’s know in detail about Gonorrhea. 

What Is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease that can infect both males and females. There are two types of STDs, either caused by a specific bacteria or virus. Gonorrhea is an infection caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. You might have heard people calling it “the clap”. You may get Gonorrhea from having sex with someone who is already infected with the disease.  

It is caused by Bacterium Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and can spread through vaginal, anal, as well as oral sex. In some cases, if the mother is infected with Gonorrhea, the baby can also be infected during birth. 

How Does Gonorrhea Affect Humans?

This sexually transmitted bacterium infection can be harmful for both men and women. Gonorrhea generally affects the following body parts:

  1. Urethra
  2. Rectum 
  3. Throat 
  4. In females, it can also infect Cervix. 
  5. In babies who get the infection from their mothers during birth, most commonly affects the eyes of babies. 

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

During initial conditions, one might really not feel any symptoms of gonorrhea. But once the condition is severe, it can be very dangerous for a human body. So, it is always advised for all sexually active people to get their STD tested time-to-time. Proud Urology provides the best STD testing at the clinic and the reports are given in time. In severe conditions, Gonorrhea can affect the genital tract of humans. 

Symptoms of Gonorrhea in Men’s Genital Tract:

  1. Pain while urinating. 
  2. Pain in the testicle. 
  3. Swelling in the testicle. 
  4. Pus-like discharge from the penis tip

Symptoms of Gonorrhea in Women’s Genital Tract:

  1. Pain and irritation while urinating. 
  2. Increase in vaginal discharge. 
  3. Vaginal bleeding after or during vaginal intercourse. 
  4. Continuous abdominal pain. 
  5. Pelvic pain. 

Some Other Common Symptoms of Gonorrhea:

  1. Anal Itching or Pus- like discharge from rectum. 
  2. Pain in eyes, sensitivity to light, or pus-like discharge from eyes. 
  3. You might feel pain in joints as they become red, worm, and swollen. 
  4. Sore throat or swollen lymph nodes in neck. 

If you notice any symptoms or troubling signs in your body, as mentioned above, you must immediately schedule an appointment with your doctor. As prescribed by your doctor, get tested immediately.

There might be instances where you do not feel any severe symptoms and, in such cases, people generally avoid treatment. Even if your partner is diagnosed with Gonorrhea, make sure you also take good medical advice from a doctor. Without treatment and adequate medicines, you may infect your healthy partner. 

Complications of Untreated Gonorrhea

May it be any infection, if it is ignored or left untreated can lead to some severe infections in long term. Some major complications associated with untreated Gonorrhea are:

Infertility in both men and women

In women, untreated and severe gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease leading to great risk of pregnancy complications of infertility in women. On the other hand, Gonorrhea can lead to epididymitis in me which cause infertility in men. 

  1. In some severe conditions, Gonorrhea causing bacteria can also infect joints in human body. High fever, body rashes, joint pain are some common long-term problems associated with this infection. 
  2. Babies who get the infection from their mother may develop blindness and scalp infection. 
  3. Any person suffering from Gonorrhea is more prone to HIV virus that may further result in the problem of AIDS. 

What Makes You Prone To Gonorrhea?

Unsafe and unprotected sex are the two major things that make sexually active people prone to any type of STD. Some specific factors that increase your risk of getting infected with gonorrhea are as follows:

  1. More than one sex partner. 
  2. Someone who has multiple sex partners. 
  3. Frequent sex without protection (condoms). 
  4. When you have a new sex-partner. 

Considering all the above risk factors, it is always advised for every person, both males and females to get tested for STD at Proud Urology before getting engaged into any kind of sexual activity. This automatically reduces your risk of getting any sexually transmitted infection. 

Preventive Measures

As proud urology always suggests, Prevention of any infection is better than its cure. There are some basic preventive measures that you may follow to reduce your risk at getting Gonorrhea.

Following measures will keep you safe:

1. Practice Safe Sex: 

Do not have sex at all! Very unrealistic measure? Well, you must use a condom during all types of sexual interactions. Make sure you use a hygienic condom and clean your genital area just after sex. This keeps you clean, hygienic, and safe from STDs. 

3. Avoid Having Multiple Sex Partners:

You may prefer having a healthy relationship with one person. Avoid having multiple sex partners and your risk of getting infected with any STD automatically reduces. If you notice any unusual signs in your partner such as genital rash or blood spots, do not indulge in any kind of sexual activity with him/her. In such a case immediately take your partner to a good doctor. 

4. Regular Gonorrhea Screening:

This is probably the best way of preventing yourself from infection. Annual screening is recommended for all sexually active men and women. Gonorrhea screening is a must in the following cases:

  1. When you have a new sex partner. 
  2. More than one sex partner 
  3. Noticing any unusual or alarming signs or symptoms in your body. 
  4. Avoid sex until you are treated 

If you are tested with Gonorrhea infection, make sure you do not indulge in any kind of sexual activity, including oral, anal, and vaginal sex unless you are treated completely. 

Moreover, Gonorrhea is a curable infection. Make sure you take the required treatment and precautions. Stay healthy. 

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