STDs stand for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. It is basically a result of careless sexual behavior and unprotected sex. These days an increasing number of people are suffering from sexually transmitting diseases which must alarm all of us. STDs are generally a result of infection by a specific bacterium or a virus.
One must know that bacterial infections can be treated with an adequate dosage of antibiotics, but the infection caused by virus can create major problems if not dealt with timely.
- HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- HPV – Human Papilloma Virus
- HSV – Herpes Simplex Virus
- Hepatitis C and B Virus
Sexually transmitted diseases, as the name suggests are transmitted through sexual contact. May it be oral, vaginal, or anal, the risk of getting STD increases if you choose to have unprotected sexual relationships, with partners who have not either been tested for STDs or are tested positive for STDs.
STDs can be equally harmful for both men and women but can create more problems in women if she acquires STD during her pregnancy as it can lead to several other health problems.
WHAT CAN CAUSE STD?
All the people who are sexually active can be exposed to STDs. Sexually transmitted diseases are generally caused due to a significant morbidity in both males and females.
It is a serious illness that requires a treatment. Apart from sex, STD can also be caused with trichomoniasis through contact with damp or moist object, such as wet clothing, unhygienic toilet seats.
You always have high risk of getting STD in following situations:
- If you share needles while injecting intravenous drugs
- If you have more than one sex partner
- If you have sex with someone who has had many sex partners.
- If you don’t prefer using condom while having sex.
- If your partner is suffering from any kind of STD.
Having exposed to STD can always result in a weak immune system, which further makes you more vulnerable to infections. The germs that cause sexually transmitted diseases hide in blood, semen, saliva, and vaginal secretions, most of which are transmitted through unprotected anal, oral, or vaginal sex.
Some germs that cause genital herpes and genital warts can also be spread through skin contact. Hepatitis B amongst all can be spread from an infected to a healthy person by sharing personal items, such as razors and toothbrushes.
HOW CAN ONE PREVENT STDs?
The best way to prevent Sexually transmitted diseases to make sure that you and your partner get tested for STD before engaging in any kind of unprotected sex.
These days, vaccinations for STDs are available for the younger generation before they become sexually active. Vaccination for Hepatitis B, whereas vaccination for HPV for younger females is very necessary.
Although in general, STDs can be treated and cured through various medical treatments available, but prevention is always better than cure. Some basic measures that can help you prevent Sexually transmitted diseases are:
- Always use a condom while having sex. Unprotected sex always increases the chance of any person getting exposed to STD. Although condoms do not provide one hundred percent surety of preventing the disease but can be extremely effective if used hygienically and properly.
- Avoid anal sex with your partner. Anal sex always has a high risk of tearing or breaking of the skin hence it exposes you to the greater risk of contracting Sexually transmitted diseases.
- You must know that STDs can also be transmitted through body fluids. So, unprotected sexual contact with an infected person can always be harmful to you. So, you and your partner should get yourselves tested for STDs before engaging in any kind of sexual activity. Priors tests are always beneficial for both males and females.
- Make sure to wash your body before and after the sexual intercourse.
- Avoid sharing the same towel with your partner.
- Never share your underclothing with anyone.
- People facing drug addiction or alcohol abuse must get help for themselves because, in such conditions, both males and females fail to have safe sex.
- Many people think that using condoms with nonoxynol-6 can be beneficial in preventing STDs as they kill organisms that cause STDs, but they must get their information corrected. Medical research proves, that doing this may cause irritation in Women’s vagina and cervix, thus, increasing the risk of STDs. So, avoid using condoms with nonoxynol-9.
HOW CAN YOU PREVENT SPREADING STD?
If you are already diagnosed with an STD, there are some necessary precautions you must take for the sake of your partner’s health. In order to prevent giving STD to someone, you must consider the following measures:
- Consult the doctor and take necessary treatment.
- Follow the instructions of your doctor.
- Stop having sex until you are treated properly.
- In case you are getting into any sexual activity, you must consult your doctor first.
- Use condoms while having sex.
WARNING SIGNS OF STD:
As mentioned above, there are different types of sexually transmitted diseases one can suffer from. So, the symptoms also vary accordingly. But some major signs or changes in the body that must alarm a person about STD are:
- Sudden weight loss
- Swollen lymph glands
- Sore throat
- Abdominal pain or discomfort
- Loss of appetite
- Darkness of urine
- Excessive pain in joints
- Behavior changes
- Movement problems in body
CAN STDs BE TREATED?
Yes, of course, if taken into consideration timely, bacterial STDs can be treated. Although the viral STDs can’t be cured but managed a little with medicines. If your sexual history or current symptoms make you feel that you can be affected with an STD, you must consider getting diagnosed for STD. laboratory tests can always be beneficial to identify the cause and can also detect the coinfections that you might have along with STD. At Proud Urology clinic, we provide the following testing at our clinic as walk-ins:
- Blood tests – it is beneficial to confirm HIV or syphilis at a later stage.
- Urine sample – sexually transmitted infections can also be diagnosed with the urine sample of the person.
If you are diagnosed positive with an STD, you must consult the doctor for further treatment. You must never take the issue of STD casually. Depending upon your situation, STD can be treated through the consumption of antibiotics and antiviral drugs. So, when given the medicines to treat STD, it is always important to consume all the drugs prescribed by the doctor for the time period as suggested by him.