What Is The Cause of Urethritis and How Do You Treat Them?

Urethritis is the inflammation of Urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. Semen also passes through male urethra only. Urethritis is the condition in which the urethra becomes inflamed and irritated. A person suffering from Urethritis may feel an increased urge to urinate and while urinating, may feel pain and irritation. 

Many people get confused between Urethritis and Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). So, to clear the doubts, you must know that these are two very different conditions. Urethritis is inflammation of urethra whereas UTI is an infection of urinary tract. You might have similar symptoms in both but the cure is completely different. 

Urethritis Explanation Video

Who Is More Prone?

Urethritis can affect people of any age group. Both males and females can face this problem in their life. a Man’s urethra is much longer than a woman’s urethra, which is just one and a half inches long. Urethra being smaller in size, it makes it easier for bacteria to enter urethra. Hence there are more chances of women developing this condition.  

Types of Urethritis

Depending upon the cause of inflammation, there are two types of Urethritis. Let’s know in detail:

  1. Gonococcal Urethritis 

This condition is a result of same bacteria that causes gonorrhea. It is less common and as per a report, only 20 percent of urethritis cases account for Gonococcal Urethritis. 

  1. Non-Gonococcal Urethritis

The most common cause of non-gonococcal urethritis is Chlamydia. It accounts for almost 80 percent of total urethritis cases. 

What Is The Cause?

Urethritis is generally caused either from a bacterium or a virus infection. Although, bacteria are the most common cause of Urethritis in both men and women. If the bacteria that is found in genital area enters the urinary tract, it may also cause the problem of urethritis. 

Majorly, the bacteria associated with causing Urethritis includes:

  1. Chlamydia trachomatis 
  2. Mycoplasma dentalium
  3. Neisseria Gonorrhea

The most common virus that can cause Urethritis in humans are:

  1. Human papilloma virus (HPV)
  2. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  3. Herpes simplex virus (HSV)

How To Understand The Symptoms

Symptoms In Men

Males suffering from Urethritis may experience the following symptoms in their body:

  1. Discharge from penis
  2. Itching near the penis opening
  3. Blood in semen or urine
  4. Burning sensation while urinating 
  5. Immediate urge to urinate 

Symptoms In Women

Females suffering from Urethritis may experience the following symptoms in their body:

  1. Feeling of discomfort during urination
  2. Frequent urge to urinate
  3. Burning or feeling of irritation near or at urethral opening 
  4. Whitish discharge from vagina 

If you have any noticeable symptoms as mentioned above, you should immediately consult your doctor. It is always important to undergo testing to detect Sexually transmitted infection. Proud urology provides the best testing for the same. You can always book an appointment, come to Proud urology clinic and get your testing done. 

How To Get Diagnosed?

 You need to be present for a lab test in order to get your Urethritis diagnosed. Proud Urology provides the best STI testing at the clinic. If you ever feel discharge, tenderness, sores, or any other signs of STI, you should immediately consult your doctor and go to STI testing. 

A urine sample or a swab is taken from urethra or vaginal area of the person to test the condition of Urethritis. If you are detected with any sexually transmitted infection, you should start with your treatment as soon as possible. Your sex partner is also advised to get tested in such a case. 

Complications

Urethritis is a situation that can be treated with medications if diagnosed timely. If the infection goes untreated due to any reason, the effects of urethritis can be very serious and long lasting. In severe conditions, the infection can also spread to other parts of a human body, such as, urinary tract, kidney, ureters, and bladder. In extreme conditions when you ignore your condition completely, Urethritis can also spread to blood and result into sepsis, which can be a deadly situation. 

In men, urethritis can be extremely painful. So, it is always advised to never take your condition lightly and get tested and treated as soon as possible. In men, urethritis can lead to infected and painful prostate gland. A section of urethra may be narrowed due to scarring, thus, resulting into painful urination. Untreated STI in women increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy, which can be life-threating in many situations. So, for all the severe conditions associated with Urethritis, you must take all the symptoms seriously and consult your doctor as soon as possible. 

How To Prevent

Ass you must have heard, “Prevention is always better than cure”. Now you must be wondering, how can your save yourself from urethritis. Most urethritis causing bacteria pass to another person through sexual contact. So, to prevent Urethritis the one most important measure is to practise safe sex. Follow the simple steps mentioned below to reduce yourself from the risk of getting Urethritis:

  1. Use condoms while having sex. 
  2. Do not have sexual intercourse with more than one partner. 
  3. If you are detected with an STI, make sure you do not have sex with any healthy person. This will automatically reduce the chain of infection. 
  4. Before getting engaged into any kind of sexual activity, make sure you and your partner get tested. 
  5. Avoid acidic food. This promotes good health and reduces the risk of getting infected with urethritis. 
  6. Drink plenty fluids. 
  7. Make sure to urinate shortly after the intercourse. 
  8. Avoid exposure to spermicides.

Consider Home Remedies

In the process of treating any disease, testing is the first step. Once you are tested positive for urethritis, take proper treatment as medicines play a vital role in treatment. Along with taking your regular medication, it is always advised to take some precautions and home remedies that will help you recover faster. 

  1. Cranberry juice is good for urinary health. 
  2. Avoided using scented products or chemical soaps in genital area. 
  3. Avoid consuming the following food items:
  • Alcohol
  • Tomatoes
  • Caffeine 
  • Spicy food 

Proud urology clinic always advises you to follow all the necessary steps and get yourself tested for STI to avoid any kind of severe infections. 

STAY HEALTHY!

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